Periodontal disease in the oldestold living in Kungsholmen, Sweden: findings from the KEOHS project
: Poul Holm-Pedersen
: journal of clinical periodontology
Aims: The Kungsholmen Elders Oral Health Study evaluated the oral health status of
generally healthy, community-dwelling persons aged 80 years and over living in
Stockholm, Sweden. This paper reports periodontal disease findings and evaluates the
distribution by sociodemographic factors.
Methods: Eligible persons were identified through the Kungsholmen Project, an
ongoing, longitudinal, population-based study of older adults. A total of 121 study
subjects received a periodontal examination.
Results: The mean pocket probing depth was 2.6mm and the mean clinical
attachment loss was 3.7 mm. Gingival bleeding was common. Over half of all study
participants met the criteria used for Ã¢â‚¬ËœÃ¢â‚¬Ëœserious periodontitisÃ¢â‚¬â„¢Ã¢â‚¬â„¢ (SP). In the best fit
adjusted odds ratio (OR) model, males were 3.1 times more likely than females to have
Ã¢â‚¬ËœÃ¢â‚¬ËœSPÃ¢â‚¬â„¢Ã¢â‚¬â„¢ (OR53.1, 95% CI 1.2, 8.0), a statistically significant observation. A subanalysis
of the differences in proportion of participants with SP revealed that the
difference by sex also increased by age.
Conclusions: These findings document the substantial and ongoing impact of
periodontal disease in a sample of generally healthy, community dwelling older adults
and underscore the importance of continued periodontal disease prevention and
treatment in the oldest-old.
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