Relationshipbetweenperiodontal findings and BehcÃ‚Â¸etÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s disease: a controlled study
: Blackwell Synergy
Background: BehcÃ‚Â¸etÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s disease (BD) is a chronic, relapsing, systemic vasculitis of
unknown aetiology. The involvement of oral mucosal surfaces represents the onset
feature of the disease in the majority of patients.
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the periodontal status of BD patients
and then compare with recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) patients and healthy
controls. We also determined the relationship between the periodontal condition and
the clinical severity of the disease in BD patients.
Methods: Eighty-six patients with BD, 63 patients with RAS and 82 healthy subjects
were included in the study. The periodontal status of all subjects was evaluated
according to the community periodontal index of treatment needs (CPITN). BD
patients were also assessed for clinical severity score (CSS) as described previously.
Results: The mean CPITN were observed to be higher in BD patients (1.79 0.96)
compared with RAS patients (1.22 0.87) and healthy controls (1.18 0.98)
(po0.001). There was a positive association between CSS and CPITN (p50.017) in
Conclusion: Our results showed that periodondal status is worse in BD patients and
associated with disease severity. We can speculate that periodontitis may induce a
systemic inflammatory process that may contribute to the development and/or
progression of BD.
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